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Much of the history of the City of Dumbría can be reconstructed through its archaeological remains.
If we go back to the first inhabitants, these were of “Celtic” origin , who settled in protected places, mainly on the banks of rivers or on the tops of mountains.
Some scholars claim that the place name "DUMBRÍA" comes from the combination of words of pre-Roman origin "DUM-BRIGA", which means "populated in height". According to the study of the place-name of the city council, it could be affirmed that Dumbría is a place of towns in height; a place of castros.
# Dumbría is Archeology
DOLMEN ARCHA STONE
The lands of Dumbría have a rich past whose footprints can be seen in the Pedra da Arca Dolmen. Formerly there were three dolmens that existed in the City of Dumbría. Meanwhile two of them were destroyed; the latter, that of Pedra da Arca is what has remained over time and is currently listed as an Asset of Cultural Interest (BIC).
This dolmen is about 318m high. It is necessary to remember that the inhabitants of our region used to choose this type of flat and slightly elevated locations for their burials.
The Pedra da Arca Dolmen, also known as the Regoelle Dolmen, remains in a very good state of preservation and preserves much of the original slabs. The main chamber is polygonal and holds five large stone slabs that support a large oval slab. One of the vertical slabs retains a small decoration in the form of engravings. This megalithic monument even has an access corridor that is divided into two sections covered by slabs.
A must visit for the curious!
WIDE STONE PETROGLYPH
The petroglyph of Pedra Ancha presents motifs of weapons (halberds and daggers) and very possibly images of farming carts or for war. Some archaeologists look at shields or masks, this being one of the representative stations of the rock-panoply of our autonomous community.
The set of Pedra Ancha is on the edge of the Camino Real that goes from Santiago to Fisterra, about 350m from the ferroalloy factory in Dumbría.
They are engraved on a large rock with representations of two daggers or short swords, three halberds and three "scutiforms" as well as several crosses from later times. Its main interest lies in its location; since it is the most western of Galicia so far known. These cave engravings were studied by archaeologists Fernando Javier Costas Goberna and his collaborators Pablo Novoa Álvarez and José María Albo Morán , publishing their results in September 1992.
Like all rock engravings, in order to be able to appreciate petroglyphs well, sunlight influences a lot. Depending on the time of day they are appreciated to a greater or lesser extent.
Choose the perfect time to enjoy this heritage show!
From the 6th century BC to the 5th century AD, a culture known as “castrexa” appears , the result of the fusion of autochthonous civilizations with others from the European continent. It begins the cultivation of plants, mainly of cereals, and the domestication of wild animals.
Urban settlements were formed by groups of hierarchical families located in protected and fortified places such as mountain tops or river banks. This is how the castros arise.
The castreja population of Dumbría seems to be the result of the emigration of tribes from the Caucasus mountains who, around the 6th-5th centuries BC, penetrated the Iberian Peninsula and ended their journey in the “finisterre”.
The historian Benito Vicetto, in his Historia de Galicia (1865) puts in Dumbría the legendary battle fought by the military leaders of the area: the Celts and the Noerios. On this struggle Eduardo Pondal wrote a poem: "The Battle of Dumbría" (1917).
In the municipality of the City of Dumbría there are many castros, although they are not appreciated as such because they are still unexcavated and without rehabilitation.
Of particular note is the Castro de Berdeogas, located about 200m from the parish church of Santiago de Berdeogas. Other notable castros are: the Castro do Logoso (400 from the place of the Logoso), the Castro do Fragoso (1.2 km from the Dumbría factory), the Castro de Regoelle (200m from Regoelle), the Castro de Olveiroa (a 600m from the parish church of Santiago de Olveiroa; the locals know it as O Castelo), the C astro das Teixoeiras (1.4km from the place of As Teixoeiras), the Castro de Dumbría (50m from Dumbría) and the Castro de Buxantes (in Buxantes) .
Numerous place-names within the City council of Dumbría exist that make reference to castrejo towns, although real vestiges in the land are not contemplated by the lack of archaeological studies; such as: the Castle, the Croa, the Eira dos Mouros, the Castrillón, the Casteliño, the Casa dos Mouros, the Castro,…
Alas if the stones spoke…! How much would they have to tell us?
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